Monday 18th

Navigating the gray areas to do Neuroscience

(Chairs: Mazzone, Rayes)

18:00 / 19:30

The transition from postdoc to establishing and running your own lab is a crucial step in academia. This process, which is critical everywhere in the world, presents additional difficulties in our country. Which are the main challenges we face to academic independence? Is it easier to settle and do neuroscience abroad? What does it mean to return to the country through repatriation? How to achieve a balance between family and work roles? How to access grants and/or international collaboration networks?. These are just some of the questions and doubts that emerge at the moment of starting an independent career. In this roundtable, early- career scientists who are at this critical stage, together with established researchers who have already gone through it will share their experiences and discuss with the audience the challenges, pitfalls and different opportunities that exist in our country for junior PIs.

Lista de oradores que cuentan su experiencia personal en 5 min y luego se abre a preguntas del público:

Diego Rayes y Graciela Mazzone (moderadores)

  • M. Valeria Canto-Soler, PhD
    Doni Solich Family Chair in Ocular Stem Cell Research
    Director of CellSight – Ocular Stem Cell and Regeneration Program
    Associate Professor – Department of Ophthalmology
    University of Colorado School of Medicine
  • M. Florencia Coronel 
    María Florencia Coronel, PhD
    Investigadora Adjunta – CONICET
    Laboratorio de Dolor en Cáncer
    Instituto de Investigaciones en Medicina Traslacional
    CONICET – Universidad Austral
  • M. Soledad Esposito 
    María Soledad Esposito, PhD
    Investigadora Adjunta – CONICET
    Laboratorio de Neurobiología del movimiento
    Departamento de Física Médica, Gerencia de Física, Centro Atómico Bariloche, Argentina.
  • Tomás Falzone
    Investigador Independiente (CONICET), Jefe de Trabajos Prácticos, DS 1ª U. A. Depto. Histología, Biol. Cel. y Genética. Facultad de Medicina, UBA.
  • Emilio Kropff 
    Emilio Kropff, PhD
    Investigador Adjunto- CONICET
    Physiology and Algorithms of the Brain
    Leloir Institute – FIL – IIBBA/CONICET
  • Nara Muraro 
    Nara Muraro, PhD
    Investigadora Adjunta CONICET
    Neurobiología del Sueño
    IBioBA – CONICET – MPSP, Instituto de Investigación en Biomedicina de Buenos Aires – Instituto Partner de la Sociedad Max Planck
  • Gabriela Salvador 
    Gabriela Salvador, PhD
    Investigadora Independiente de CONICET
    Profesora Adjunta Universidad Nacional del Sur
    Metaloneurobiología y señalización celular
    Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Bahía Blanca (INIBIBB)-
    CONICET -Bahía Blanca
  • Nicolás Unsain 
    Nicolás Unsain, PhD
    Investigador Adjunto- CONICET
    Instituto de Investigación Médica Mercedes y Martín Ferreyra –
    INIMEC/CONICET – Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.
Tuesday 19th

Socio-environmental modulation of cognitive processes

(Chairs: Fernandez Larrosa, Andreau)

18:00 / 19:30

Cognitive processes occur in particular socio-environmental contexts that can modulate their development and/or performance. This table will address this complexity through the dialogue between the 4 papers to be presented, which will analyse the emotional and cognitive development of preschoolers in their contexts, the causal connectivity of statements beyond the learning process and discourse comprehension of information acquired from Comprehensive Sex Education (CSE) materials, how the physical variables of schools contribute to the perception of children, and how political decisions (voting) can be induced by the parameters of campaigns and dissemination of content. Presentations (and speakers): Influence of individual and socio-environmental factors in a task with positive emotional valence and demand for inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility Ramírez, Verónica Adriana*a,b; Ruetti, Eliana a,b a Unidad de Neurobiología Aplicada (UNA, CEMIC-CONICET), Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina b Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina There is a large literature on the interdependence of cognitive and emotional processes, and their modulation through individual and socio-environmental factors. Preferential processing of emotional stimuli over neutral ones has been evidenced, which has been widely studied in inhibitory control paradigms, such as the Stroop task, due to its simplicity and ease of incorporating emotional valence. Unfavorable early experiences are associated with low levels of performance in tasks with demands for inhibitory control. The present research analyzes the role of socio-environmental factors in emotional processing, inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility in children between 4 and 8 years old. A Stroop-type task with positive emotional valence was administered and its association with socio-environmental variables was studied, such as the level of stimulation at home and the type of work and schooling of mothers/fathers. An environment with greater stimulation positively influences task performance but without affecting reaction time. Furthermore, this relationship varies depending on the gender and age of the participants. These findings indicate that individual and contextual variables are closely associated with performance in a task of inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility and that they need to be analyzed together to provide a better understanding of their influences throughout child development. Keywords: emotional stroop, emotional processing, home stimulation, individual and socio-environmental factors.
The Role of Causal Connectivity, Note-taking and Modality of Presentation in the Comprehension of Materials about CSE (Comprehensive Sex Education) Karen Acosta Burallia & Jazmín Cevascoa,b a University of Buenos Aires b National Scientific and Technical Research Council (Argentina) The goal of this study was to examine the role of the causal connectivity of the statements (Low-Medium-High) and the condition of note-taking (focused on speakers’ emotions, focused on the comprehender’s emotions or focused on the importance of the topic of the materials). With this aim, we asked a group of college students to read or listen to an excerpt of an interview with highschool students and teachers about CSE, and to answer to an elaboration question (Considering the materials that you read/listened to, how would you define CSE?). Results indicated that statements that had a high number of causal connections were more included in the notes participants took and their answers to the elaboration question, and that causal connectivity had a greater effect when participants listened to the materials, and when they took notes focused on the importance of the topic. Also, listening to the interview and taking notes focused on the importance of its topic promoted that students included a higher number of statements in their notes than reading its transcript. These results highlight the importance of promoting that students take notes, listen to the materials and establishing a high number of discourse connections during discourse comprehension. Key words: Comprehensive Sex Education – Discourse Comprehension – Note-Taking – Causal Connectivity
Complex decision-making is facilitated by social modulation Bernal, Franco Agustín a ; Alves Salgueiro, Tomás a; Brzostowski, Axel b; Caramés, María Ayelén a; Recart Zapata, Emilio a; Furman, Damian b,c; Pérez, Juan Manuel b,c; Fernandez Larrosa, Pablo Nicolas a. a. Instituto de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Neurociencias (IFIBYNE), UBA-CONICET b. Departamento de Computación, UBA c. Instituto de Ciencias de la Computación (ICC) UBA Some decision-making (DM) processes require quick answers, while more complex decisions demand greater cognitive engagement. Under the hypothesis that frequent exposure to a stimulus or association with an emotional valence could drive DM, online experiments were conducted and results were compared with a more “ecological” situation (Social Study) involving: 1. online surveys conducted during the 2019 Argentine Presidential Elections; 2. a dataset of written media news to assess each candidate’s mention frequency and sentimental analysis. Cognitive experiments involved a computer task where participants choose a face from 4 options, each of them associated with different frequencies (EXP#1) or with positive, negative, neutral, or mixed sentences (EXP#2). Two experimental groups were set up: the 1st was asked to choose a face without any specification (NST); and the second group was asked to choose a person to perform an important task (IT). Results show: 1. The most repeated face was significantly more chosen in the NST group, involving significantly greater response time; 2. The faces with a positive association were significantly more chosen than others, in both groups; and 3. The effect persisted at least for 24hs. The social study supported our experimental results as Familiarity (F) and Trust (T) mostly explain the Voting Probability (VP), as well as F, T, and VP for each candidate correlate significantly with the frequency of mentions, the positive association, and election results. These results support our hypothesis and suggest that complex decision-making susceptibility to social modulation could depend on the relevance of the involved task. Keywords: Complex Decision-Making; Priming; Presidential Elections.
LEARNING, SPACE, EMOTION. The relationship among the 7 environmental variables and the learning of new languages. Case Study: CIL Language School, in Cordoba, Argentina Vanina Salinas, Gisele Rocha Maggi, Mayara Wal, Danielli Wal e Bruna Probst Group of Study of Neuroscience applied to Architecture from Curitiba/PR – Brazil The Coronavirus has had a strong impact in education. Neuroscience studies indicate that the environment influences the learning process because the individual has an innate ability to capture what surrounds him or her. This article tries to identify seven environmental variables: colors, smells, shapes, sounds, biophilia, functionality and lighting, verifying how students in the age from 7 to 15 years can perceive the school physical space. Starting from a bibliographic review, we base our study on the case of CIL, a language school in Córdoba, Argentina, which has its own teaching method incorporating the use of positive emotions through the free use of space. This relationship between learning, emotions and space will be observed through the adapted use of the EAPA tool (Self-Perception of Environments Scale), applied through a questionnaire answered by 20 students who attended face-to-face classes during 2019 and in 2021. From the results to be obtained, we hypothesize that an appropriate school environment stimulates cognitive development and provides better learning outcomes. From the results of EAPA, the environmental variables that directly impact the learning process will be identified and will determine which variables could be applied according to the reality of schools around the world. Therefore, this tends to contribute and promote improvements in the learning and teaching process as well as in the advancement of existing methodologies, resulting in a better quality of learning and an improved perception of the environments. Key Words: school architecture, Language schools, Environmental variables, Escala de autopercepción de los ambientes (EAPA), Perception of the student’s environmental variables, ANFA 2021
Wednesday 20th

Co-authorship network structure and gender inequalities of the Argentine neuroscientific community

(Chairs: Bekinstein, Fernandez)

13:00 / 14:00

Gender inequalities in academia exist in a wide variety of fields and circumstances. Owing to the particularities of the Argentine scientific system, gathering appropriate data for the national neuroscientific community poses a challenge thus making it difficult to compare our situation with the one in Neuroscience as a field in a global sense. We want to show local generated data or neuroscience in Argentina and understand it in a global context. First, Dr. Calero will introduce the subject of gender inequalities in the academic world globally, including differences in salaries, hierarchies, funding and lead authorships. Second, Dr. Bekinschtein and Lic. Ramos Usaj will discuss novel analyzed data that show the evolution and current state of the network structure in the local neuroscientific community and provide a launching platform for an open public dataset created from published reports from the Annual Meeting of the Sociedad Argentina de Investigación en Neurociencias and public government data from the Science and Technology staff, to serve as a call to action to all national neuroscientists. Despite several changes throughout the years, the abstract books from the Annual Meeting of the Sociedad Argentina de Investigación en Neurociencias (SAN) collect information regarding poster submissions among other things and, in particular these books contain the poster title, topic, authors, affiliations and the poster abstract. We parsed poster data from the digital versions (.pdf files) of the abstract books of the SAN Annual Meetings from the year 2012 to the year 2019 (with the exception of the year 2016) to recover valuable poster information, mainly the poster title, authors, topic and abstract. Since the 2020 SAN Annual Meeting was entirely virtual we scraped data from the 2020 Annual Meeting website to gather the same poster data as before. We also accessed public data from the SICYTAR (Sistema de Información de Ciencia y Tecnología Argentino) to gather the name, self-reported sex and other information about all people who are related to R+D activities that conform the national science and technology staff. We performed name matching and established record linkage between the extracted poster data and the SICYTAR data using the distance score from a  K Nearest Neighbour (KNN) algorithm. As a follow-up metric we used fuzzy string matching algorithms between the target poster author name and the closest match (following the KNN algorithm) from the SICYTAR data. All the data gathered plus the methods used to extract and transform it are made publicly available in a GitHub repository. Using an extremely conservative threshold for the KNN algorithm score we constructed a co-authorship network from the poster authors and took a glance at the basic graph features (size, density, components, diameter, clustering coefficient and network centrality) over time. Furthermore, we focused on a small aspect of the dataset to assess gender inequalities by examining the men-women proportion in the meeting attendants and the sex-specific distribution of author positions using both frequentist and bayesian approaches.  


Confirmed Speakers


Cecilia Calero 

Investigadora Adjunta – CONICET

Laboratorio de Neurociencia

Universidad Torcuato Di Tella


Pedro Bekinschtein

Investigador Independiente – CONICET

Instituto de Neurociencia Cognitiva y Traslacional – INCYT

CONICET – Fundacion INECO – Universidad Favaloro


Alejandro Ramos Usaj


Instituto de Cálculo 

Universidad de Buenos Aires


Looking for training abroad? Tips for international interviews

(Chairs: Zorrilla, Beckwith, Fernandez)

18:00 / 19:30

How to start the search for a research stay or a PostDoc abroad? When we start our PhD we wonder how to do a research internship in a laboratory abroad. Furthermore, by the end of the PhD we find difficulties searching for PostDocs opportunities. The key is to build collaborative networks and a plan! In this session we will discuss: How to find a laboratory according to our topic of interest and the available scholarships? How to finance the trip? How are the interviews with the principal investigators? Are these face-to-face or virtual? How are interviews organized? How should we prepare? Do you have to give a presentation? Is the presentation only with the director or is the rest of the team present? How many interviews people usually do until getting a stay or PostDoc? We will also talk about looking for opportunities for scholarships and courses during the PhD and alternative for financing the attendance to conferences abroad?

we will have asynchronous interventions (on video) by foreign researchers who will tell us what they look for in interviews when they are recruiting PostDocs. We will also  have argentinean PostDocs that will tell us about their personal experience. Afterwards, we will continue with questions and an open conversation.

Would you join us?


Javier de Zorrilla San Martín, Macarena Fernández y Esteban Beckwith  


Investigadores extranjeros

Ian Forsythe 

Emeritus Professor of Neurophysiology. Department, Neuroscience, Psychology & Behaviour (NPB).College of Life Sciences, University of Leicester


Giorgio Gilestro

Senior Lecturer. Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Life Sciences. Imperial College London. United Kingdom


PostDocs/ Investigadores asistentes

Ivana Bussi 

Ivana Bussi, PhD. Becaria posdoctoral CONICET. Laboratorio de Genética del Comportamiento. Fundación Instituto Leloir

Mariano Polo 

Mariano Polo, PhD. Investigador Asistente CONICET. IHEM-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas. Universidad Nacional de Cuyo

Evelin Cotella 

Evelin Cotella, PhD. Postdoctoral Research Associate. Cancer and Hematology Division. Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Center

Diego Fernández 

Diego Fernández, PhD. Associate scientist at the Section of Light and Circadian Rhythms. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH/ NIH), USA.

Friday 22th

Scientific Publications: Journals and Editorial Policies

(Chairs: Rayes, Zorrila, Ceriani)

11:00 / 12:30

Getting a scientific manuscript published is usually challenging. Several doubts usually appear before submitting a paper. Which is the most appropriate journal for my paper? What is each of the steps in the paper review process? What do journals look for in terms of the acceptability of a manuscript?

There are a growing number of journals that scientists can consider when making decisions about their papers. Each journal has a content, protocol, and peer review process that are quite unique to its publication missions. In this session, we will explore the nuts and bolts with:

Dr. Ian Forstyhe (Former Editor-in-Chief at the Journal of Physiology)

Dr. Eve Marder, (Former Deputy Editor at eLife)

Dr. Shari Wiseman, (Chief Editor at Nature Neuroscience)

Specifically, our guests will cover:

* Historical perspective context in which these journals were established and their current role

*What their journals look for in research submissions

*Considerations and nuances of writing for their publications

*The peer-review process

There will be a Q&A and discussion section for the audience to interact directly with our panelists about this critical aspect of a career in science.

Gender inequities and inequalities around the world

(Chairs: Antonelli, Murta)

11:00 / 12:30

Women comprise a minority in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine (STEMM) workforce. STEMM gender inequalities can be revealed in different and specific forms depending on sociocultural aspects of certain research areas and/or country analyzed. For this third edition, we´ll receive eight outstanding women scientists from different disciplines around the world, who share a strong advocacy for gender issues in science. We are happy to continue with this new tradition established in SAN annual meetings where we can dedicate time to discuss where we stand in the gender gap, and how we can move forward in closing it.

Dr. Shohini Ghose, Professor of Physics and Computer Science and NSERC Chair for Women in Science and Engineering; Director, Centre for Women in Science, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada. 

Dr. Shazrene Mohamed, Associate Professor, South African Astronomical Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa. 

Dr. Shobhana Narasimhan, Professor of Theoretical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India.

Dr. Silvina Ponce Dawson, Principal Investigator in CONICET, Full Professor Physics Department, Biological Physics and Photophysiology Group, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Dr. Rabia Salihu Said, Full Professor of Atmospheric Physics, Department of Physics, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

Dr. Ana Silva, Full Professor, Neuroscience Lab, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República de Uruguay, Uruguay.

Dr. Marie-Francoise Roy, Emeritus Professor, Effective Geometry and Algebra Group, Institut de recherche mathématique de Rennes, France.

Dr. Cecilia Bouzat. Full Professor, Universidad Nacional del Sur. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Bahía Blanca. Buenos Aires, Argentina. 


(Chairs: Ferrario, Avale)

18:00 / 19:30

El Hijo de la Novia: 20 años no es nada.

Diálogo entre la ciencia y el cine. 

(this activity is full in spanish)


Chairs: Juan Ferrario & Elena Avale


En 2021 se conmemoran 20 años del estreno del “Hijo de la Novia”, una de las películas Argentinas que quedó en la filmoteca de lujo del cine nacional, incluída en el selecto club de películas locales  nominadas a los premios Oscar y cuya rica trama incluye centralmente la Enfermedad de Alzheimer. 


¿Cómo se presenta un tema científico/médico dentro de un film ? 

¿Cómo es el backstage de la rigurosidad de comunicación de la ciencia ? 

Desde el cine, ¿se lo piensa como una herramienta de divulgación ?  

La ciencia (positivista y en su versión “ciencia ficción”) es un tópico muy presente en el cine, ¿se busca hablar de ciencia por la llegada al público o simplemente porque es parte de nuestra vida ? 


Con estas premisas, dialogaremos con el guionista de la película, Fernando Castets, y con el periodista especializado y productor Axel Kutchevasky, sobre el intenso diálogo que existe entre la ciencia y el cine, con particular interés en las neurociencias contadas desde la pantalla grande de manera masiva.     


Aprovechamos la oportunidad para invitarlos a ver y volver a ver la película, que está libre y disponible en la plataforma :


Spoiler Alert ! Durante el evento se mostrarán algunas escenas de la película